With increasing life expectancy and increasing population, obesityrelated diseases getting more common becomes an inevitable issue. Effects of diaphragmatic mobilization methods applied to obese individuals to relief respiratory problems are unknown. It was aimed to investigate the effects of mobilization techniques on respiratory functions, respiratory muscle strenght and resting metabolic rate in obese individuals. Individuals between the ages of 18-65 whose BMI values 30 kg/m2 and above were included. The sociodemographic information was recorded, and randomly divided into diaphragmatic mobilization (n = 20) and control group (n = 20). Diaphragmatic mobilization techniques (diaphragm translation technique, diaphragm stretching technique, diaphragm eight technique) were applied for 15-20 min, 2 sessions per week, for 4 weeks. Respiratory functions of individuals were evaluated with spirometric measurements, respiratory muscle strength with respiratory muscle force measuring device, resting metabolism rate with indirect calorimeter device, dyspnea with Modified Medical Research Dyspnea Scale. Within-group differences analyze showed improvement in SFT; PEF, all of the respiratory muscle strength and resting metabolic rate measurement parameters in diaphragmatic mobilization group (p<0.05) whereas in control group there was no improvement (p>0.05). When the differences between the parameters were examined, significant differences were found in favor of the diaphragmatic mobilization group in FEF%25-75, MVV and respiratory muscle strength measurements (p<0.05). As a result, it is thought that diaphragmatic mobilization techniques are a safe and feasible approach in obese individuals and these effects should be examined in more disease and different disease groups in future studies.
Citation: Ali S, Duruturk N. 2022. Effects of Diaphragmatic Mobilization Techniques on Respiratory Functions, Respiratory Muscle Strength and Resting Metabolic Rate in Obese Individuals. J Obes Chronic Dis 6(1): 1-8.