Objective: The purpose of this integrated review is to examine the current state of the literature related to the combined effect of maternal determinants of health and birth weight on the development of obesity in childhood for children age eight and younger. Reviewers sought to understand whether the combination of maternal determinants of health and birth weight posed a greater risk for the development of childhood obesity than individual factors.
Design and Method: This integrative research review is based on the framework described in Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA). A full text review resulted in 13 articles selected for inclusion in the review. Articles were selected for inclusion based on measurement of obesity in children age eight and younger, a correlation between maternal factors and childhood obesity, and a correlation between birth weight and childhood obesity. Statistical significance was not a requirement for inclusion.
Review: Of the 13 articles reviewed 62% (n = 8) discussed material influences of education and smoking and birth weight and their predictability of childhood obesity. The maternal predictor, income status, was assessed in three studies (n = 3). Findings related to the combination of birth weight and maternal determinants of health were not conclusive.
Conclusion: Our findings indicate that the association between combination of maternal health determinants and birth weight on the development of childhood obesity play a small role but needs further investigation. More studies are needed to explore the combination of maternal determinants and infant birth weight as they related to childhood obesity risk factors.
Citation: Nerud K, Smith A, Nielsen R, Neely D. 2018. The Combined Effect of Infant Birth Weight and Maternal Determinants of Health on the Development of Childhood Obesity: A Systematic Review. J Obes Chronic Dis 2(1): 1-7.