It is known, that in countries with high and medium incomes, the proportion of people with overweight and obesity started to increase in the second half of the 20th century, as well as the incidence rate of Non-infectious Chronic Diseases (NCD). The study of risk factors for leukemia in the Mediterranean countries showed, that the incidence of leukemia for men was 2 times higher in countries with a higher Quality of Life (QOL); a higher percentage of men with overweight, obesity and hypercholesterolemia; a higher level of macronutrients,
as on the whole as well as macronutrients of Animal Products (AP); a higher level of consumption of AP and Alcoholic Beverages (AB). Energy and proteins of animal products, beef and iron of animal origin, as well as hypercholesterolemia can determine more than 60% of the variability of the frequency of leukemia. At the same time, the level of total Energy does not significantly affect the incidence of leukemia. The ratio and origin of food and macronutrients have a greater effect on the incidence of leukemia than the absolute amounts of food and macronutrients in the nutritional structure.
Citation: Radkevich LA. 2020. Overweight and Obesity as the Risk Factors for Leukemia in the Mediterranean Countries. J Obes Chronic Dis 4(1): 23-34.